Stem cells are one of the most important discoveries in the history of biology and one of the most powerful tools in modern medicine.
In many cases, when scalpel and pharmaceuticals are powerless, stem cells become a rescue. Only these natural amazing medicines have a unique ability to repair damaged tissues. This allows the use of stem cells in the treatment of liver cirrhosis, hepatitis, coronary heart disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke etc. The transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells, isolated from bone marrow or umbilical cord blood is the only method of treating some forms of leukemia and lymphoma. With the use of stem cells and other cell drugs, certain forms of cancers are already being treated. The branch of medical science dealing with the treatment of stem cells is called regenerative medicine.
Today, regenerative medicine is developing at extremely quickly, even competing with the pharmaceutical industry.
More than 600 companies in the world are working at the development of cell based drugs, not counting the biobanks of umbilical cord blood, other human tissues and cells.
Modern regenerative medicine includes:
- gene therapy;
- cell therapy (stem cells application, CAR-T, CAR-NK technologies etc);
- tissue therapy;
- 3D bioprinting of tissues and organs.
An important place in modern regenerative medicine belongs to the biobanks, and the storage of cord blood is the most popular service in the banking of biomaterial. More than 40,000 transplants of umbilical cord blood stem cells have already been performed in the world. Approximately every fifth patient in the centres of bone marrow transplantation is treated with the umbilical cord blood as a source of hematopoietic stem cells. Since 2003, the Ukrainian parents also have the opportunity to preserve perinatal tissues of their newborn (umbilical cord blood and placenta) in the Ukraine’s first Cryobank at the Institute of Cell Therapy.
Source: https://www.bioinformant.com/regenerative-medicine-definition/ and the data of the Association of Cryobanks